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Campbell and Boon Low CETIS and the University of StrathclydeбHy│зЩ■/,Щ■"Щ■(Щ■єЯи@Why do we need learning technology standards and specifications?бAA Щ■ЯааTo prevent content becoming  locked in to proprietary systems. To ensure educational content can be reused. To enable educational content & learner information to be shared. To facilitate interoperability. б"╤▓зЩ■╤Щ■єЯи5Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?б66 Щ■ЯиўIMS Global Learning http://www.imsproject.org/ Learning Resource Meta-data Question and Test Interoperability Learner Information Packages Competencies Simple Sequencing Content Packaging Learning Design Accessibility Digital Repositories.бb│зЩ■Zф▓зЩ■ZЩ■Щ■уЩ■Єє!0▀/єЯи5Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?б66 Щ■ЯиAdvanced Distributed Learning (ADL). http://adlnet.org/ US Department of Defence Initiative. Working with IMS. Primarily focused on the delivery of web based content. Shared Content Object Reference Model (SCORM). SCORM incorporates IMS Meta-data and elements of Content packaging.б`%│зЩ■Zї▓зЩ■ZЩ■Щ■їЩ■Єє!0▀%7єЯи5Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?б66 Щ■ЯиТEuropean Centre for Standards/Information Society Standardisation System Learning Technologies Workshop (CEN/ISSS WSLT). http://www.cenorm.be/isss/Workshop/LT/Default.htm Project teams active in a variety of areas: Localisation and internationalisation of Learning Object Metadata. Description of language capabilities. Quality assurance. Taxonomies and vocabularies. Educational Modelling Languages. б░y│зЩ■Z^▓зЩ■Z╗▓зЩ■Z│зЩ■ZwЩ■Щ■^Щ■╗Щ■  Щ■к"y.щЄє!0▀yкє Яи5Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?б66 Щ■ЯаDublin Core Metadata Initiative. http://dublincore.org/ Focused on developing interoperable online metadata standards. Collaborating with IMS and IEEE LOM WG.  Ottawa Group .  Metadata Principles and Practicalities published in DLib magazine. http://www.dlib.org/ бL!│зЩ■щ▓зЩ■!Щ■щЩ■к:!н Єє!0▀!7Єє!0▀Їє Яи7Who is developing formal LT interoperability standards?б88 Щ■Яи'Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Learning Technology Standards Committee (LTSC) http://ltsc.ieee.org/index.html Wide variety of working groups: Learner related Content related Data and metadata, including Learning Object Metadata (LOM) Management systems and applications бЦg│зЩ■Z@▓зЩ■ZА▓зЩ■Z│зЩ■ZgЩ■@Щ■БЩ■к>nпє Яи7Who is developing formal LT interoperability standards?б88 Щ■Яи=International Standards Organisation (ISO) Sub Committee 36 (SC 36) Learning Technology. Standardization in the area of information technologies that support automation for learners, learning institutions, and learning resources. IEEE LTSC has a "formal" relationship with SC 36. Produce formal certified standards. бfD│зЩ■∙▓зЩ■│зЩ■DЩ■·Щ■к0Y└#єЯи)What do LT interoperability standards do?б** Щ■ЯаZEnable users to search for, locate and retrieve appropriate content  Metadata, Digital Repositories. Plan educational scenarios and formulate instructional design  EML & Learning Design. Deliver educational content tailored to learners requirements  Learning Design, EML, Simple Sequencing, SCORM. б<-▓зЩ■Z│зЩ■Z.Щ■єЯи)What do LT interoperability standards do?б** Щ■ЯаrShare content between systems  Content Packaging, SCORM. Create and deliver computer aided assessments  Question and Test Interoperability. Record and share learner information  Learner Information Packages (LIP), Competencies, Enterprise. Ensure educational content is accessible to all users  Accessibility.б&:▓зЩ■Z:Щ■є  Яи3How do LT standards relate to educational practice?б44 Щ■єЯиLHow do LT standards relate to educational practice? Existing specifications.б0M4 Щ■ Щ■єЯиOHow do LT standards relate to educational practice? Forthcoming specifications.б0P4 Щ■ Щ■є Яи(CETIS: Supporting the UK FE/HE communityб)) Щ■ЯийCentre for Educational Technology Interoperability Standards. Funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). Support UK Higher and Further Education. Represents UK FE/HE on international educational standards initiatives, e.g. IMS, CEN/ISSS. Advises Universities and Colleges on the strategic, technical and pedagogic implications of educational technology standards. Manages the Special Interest Groups (SIGs). бRи▓зЩ■Z│зЩ■Z▓зЩ■ZкЩ■є ЯиThe CETIS SIGsб Щ■Яа╨Established to support the UK FE/HE sector s uptake and implementation of interoperability specifications. Track the development of standards and specifications. Advise the sector on the relevance of different standards and specifications. Channel sector s requirements back to CETIS and international standards initiatives. Support communities of practice. б8h▓зЩ■│зЩ■iЩ■кfєЯиThe CETIS SIGsб Щ■ЯиyAccessibility SIG Assessment SIG Computer aided assessment and Question and Test Interoperability. Educational Content SIG Content Packaging, Learning Design, Simple Sequencing, SCORM, EML, etc. FE Focus Group Supports the interests of FE colleges in the SIGs and other organisations. Learner Information and Enterprise SIG Metadata SIG Focused on learning resource metadata. бd!▓зЩ■ZB▓зЩ■Z▓зЩ■ZH▓зЩ■Z▓зЩ■ZK▓зЩ■Z4▓зЩ■Z'▓зЩ■Z▓зЩ■Z!Щ■BЩ■Щ■HЩ■Щ■KЩ■4  Щ■'  Щ■  Щ■єЯиSIG Activitiesб Щ■ЯиnHold regular working meetings throughout UK. Host dissemination events, road shows and plugfests. Maintain website and manage mailing lists. Produce user guides, beginners guides, etc. Conduct community practice surveys. Support colleagues developing tools and implementing specifications. Participate in standards bodies working group meetings. Commission tasks. б&o▓зЩ■ZoЩ■кW єЯиFurther informationб Щ■ЯаfThe CETIS website: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/ Hosts websites for all the SIGs. Regular updates of latest developments in the field of LT standards. Described by The Technology Source as:  Probably the most comprehensive and current site devoted to educational technology interoperability standards, the CETIS Web site is an essential resource for anyone working in the fields of learning objects or learning content management systems. бМ│зЩ■Zе▓зЩ■Z√│зЩ■Z▓зЩ■Z╣Щ■·Щ■Щ■Єє!0▀*ъ°№я `Ё        Щ   ЦЦЦ`Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓`Ё    333▌▌▌АААMMMъъъ`Ё   ╠ff3АА3Щ3А3╠ ╠f`Ё    ААА ╠f ╠╠└└└`Ё    ААА└└└f  Щ`Ё    ААА3Щ Щ ╠╠╠▓▓▓г> ¤?" dd@  я      ,г| ¤?" dd╪@  я       А ╘ А" ╨@А Ё`А╗А гn ¤?" dd@  я         @@``ААPгR    @ ` А`г pг>Аг> ЁЁЁмЁ( Ё ЁЁр Ё У Ё6Афn╕ЗБГ┐└  "ё┐ЁА░╨PЁ├ ╕ ЁTЯи Click to edit Master title styleв!к !Ё$ Ё Г Ё0АФq╕БГ┐└  "ё┐Ёр░╨Ё├ ╕ ЁЮЯиRClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth levelв!    к SЁ─ Ё Г Ё0Аpv╕БГ┐└  "ё┐Ё`░`АЁ├ ╕ Ё>Яа*б°Ё╞ Ё Г Ё0Аф{╕БГ┐└  "ё┐Ё`░╨АЁ├  ╕ Ё@Яа*б·Ё╞ Ё Г Ё0А╕А╕БГ┐└  "ё┐Ё` ╨АЁ├ ╕ Ё@Яа*б╪ЁH Ё Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓ ║6Why do we need LT standardsюОя А >Ё60Ё Ё╬Ё( Ё Ё ЁЮ Ё S ЁАШ┌╤┐ Ё└░╨Ё<$ё0├ ╤ Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё Г Ё0Аt▄╤┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ё Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝@ЁlЁTЁ( Ё ЁlЁx Ёl c Ё$А`f╒┐ ИЁpАрЁ├  ╒ Ё ЮЁд Ёl c Ё$А8k╒┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├ ╒ Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ёl C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ёl C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ёl Г Ё0АрM╒┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ёl Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝PЁЁTЁ( Ё ЁЁx Ё c Ё$Аx╕┐ ИЁpАрЁ├  ╕ Ё ЮЁд Ё c Ё$А┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├ ╕ Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё Г Ё0Аь┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ё Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝`ЁЁTЁ( Ё ЁЁx Ё c Ё$А( ┐ ИЁpАрЁ├   Ё ЮЁд Ё c Ё$А┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё Г Ё0А▄┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ё Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝pЁ ЁTЁ( Ё Ё Ёx Ё c Ё$А$┐ ИЁpАрЁ├   Ё ЮЁд Ё c Ё$Аф$┐ ИЁ@└╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё Г Ё0Аp,┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ё Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝АЁ$ЁTЁ( Ё Ё$Ёx Ё$ c Ё$А╘:┐ ИЁpАрЁ├   Ё ЮЁд Ё$ c Ё$А┤;┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё$ C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё$ C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё$ Г Ё0АtF┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ё$ Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝РЁ(ЁTЁ( Ё Ё(Ёx Ё( c Ё$А└A┐ ИЁpАрЁ├   Ё ЮЁд Ё( c Ё$АаB┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё( C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё( C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё( Г Ё0А0V┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ё( Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝аЁ,ЁTЁ( Ё Ё,Ёx Ё, c Ё$А╘c┐ ИЁpАрЁ├   Ё ЮЁд Ё, c Ё$А┤d┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё, C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё, C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё, Г Ё0АРf┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ё, Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝░ЁdЁTЁ( Ё ЁdЁx Ёd c Ё$Аx┐ ИЁpАрЁ├   Ё ЮЁд Ёd c Ё$Ашx┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ёd C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ёd C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ёd Г Ё0ААn┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ёd Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝└ЁhЁTЁ( Ё ЁhЁx Ёh c Ё$А|П┐ ИЁpАрЁ├   Ё ЮЁд Ёh c Ё$А\Р┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ёh C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ёh C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ёh Г Ё0АPВ┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH Ёh Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓ю%"я А ╒!Ё═!╨Ё/Ш0@ёЁх Ё( Ё Ё0Ё~ Ё0 s Ё*АLЮ┐ ИЁpАPЁ├   Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё0 C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё0 C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё0 Г Ё0А╘{┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁЇв ЁU0 У Ё6АЇа┐БГ┐└ ИЁАpЁzЁ,$ёD0 ЁZЯиadministrationб к  Ё·в ЁK0 У Ё6А<У┐БГ┐└ ИЁ▄╨0ЦЁ,$ёD0 Ё`Яиlearning resourcesб к  ЁЄв ЁL0 У Ё6Аxп┐БГ┐└ ИЁ░ Ак Ё,$ёD0 ЁXЯи competenciesб  к  Ё°в ЁM0 У Ё6Аlё╕┐БГ┐└ ИЁP `` Ё,$ёD0 Ё^Яиregistry/authorityб к  Ёьв ЁN0 У Ё6А<Ё╕┐БГ┐└ ИЁ├ Р ╜Ё,$ёD 0 ЁRЯиcourseб к  ЁЎв ЁO0 У Ё6А░┐БГ┐└ ИЁг АP] Ё,$ёD0 Ё\Яиdelivery system б к  Ёв ЁP0 У Ё6АL┤┐БГ┐└ ИЁж@@аЁ,$ёD0 ЁfЯи studentб. к  Ёюв ЁQ0 У Ё6А╪╕┐БГ┐└ ИЁ6а0 0Ё,$ёD 0 ЁTЯиpedagogyб  к  Ё·в ЁR0 У Ё6А0╝┐БГ┐└ ИЁГ ` А= Ё,$ёD0 Ё`Яиtests & assessmentб к  ЁЁв ЁS0 У Ё6А╠┐┐БГ┐└ ИЁу PP ▌ Ё,$ёD0 ЁVЯи activitiesб  к  Ёв ЁT0 У Ё6Аш┬┐БГ┐└ ИЁж ЁаЁ,$ёD0 ЁiЯи dialogueб0   к  Ёяв ЁV0 У Ё6А(╟┐БГ┐└ ИЁЬX@ ЦЁ,$ёD0 ЁUЯиteacherб к  Ёк" ЁW0 ╙ ЁN┤ЕЗGАQH{I  Iа¤ ┐└╤ ИЁ░0`Ё,$ёD0Ёк" Ё[0 ╙ ЁNЕЗGЇ,H@S  IЙ<  ┐└╤ ИЁЦ└▄Ь Ё,$ёD0Ё░ Ёf0А у ЁT┤ЕЗGА∙■ HФаIА∙■ ┐└╨╤ ИЁ¤╠ pЬЁ,$ёD0Ёэв Ёh0 У Ё6АР╦┐БГ┐└ ИЁу └0▌ Ё,$ёD0 ЁSЯиlibraryб к  ЁТB Ёm0 У Ё6D┐└╨╤ ИЁ#р Р #Ё,$ё   0ЁТB Ёn0 У Ё6D┐└╨╤ ИЁ#`p#Ё,$ё   0ЁМB Ёo0 Г Ё0D┐└╤ ИЁГУЁ,$ё   0ЁМB Ёq0 Г Ё0D┐└╤ ИЁ#0p#Ё,$ё   0ЁЖB Ёr0 s Ё*D┐└ ИЁCPP#Ё,$ё   0ЁМB Ёt0 Г Ё0D┐└╤ ИЁ│` ` у Ё,$ё   0ЁМB Ё|0 Г Ё0D┐└╤ ИЁг р р є Ё,$ё   0ЁЖB ЁА0 s Ё*D┐└ ИЁ3 @@c Ё,$ё   0ЁМB ЁГ0А Г Ё0D┐└╤ ИЁS @@c Ё,$ё   0ЁЖB ЁБ0 s Ё*D┐└ ИЁc @@c Ё,$ё   0ЁЖB ЁД0 s Ё*D┐└ ИЁS` ╨SЁ,$ё   0ЁМB ЁЕ0А Г Ё0D┐└╤ ИЁS ╨╨SЁ,$ё   0ЁЖB ЁИ0 s Ё*D┐└ ИЁг ` @г Ё,$ё   0ЁМB ЁЙ0 Г Ё0D┐└╤ ИЁг @@Г Ё,$ё   0ЁМB ЁК0 Г Ё0D┐└╨ ИЁ│PP│ Ё,$ё   0ЁМB ЁЛ0 Г Ё0D┐└╨ ИЁ#└@#Ё,$ё   0ЁЖB ЁМ0 s Ё*D┐└ ИЁ#@@c Ё,$ё   0ЁМB ЁН0@ Г Ё0D┐└╤ ИЁc Ё@c Ё,$ё   0ЁАB ЁП0 c Ё$D┐└ Ё└ ` ` @Ё,$ё   0ЁЖB ЁС0 s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё@` @Ё,$ё   0ЁЖB ЁТ0А s Ё*D┐└╤ Ёа └└P Ё,$ё   0Ё╙в ЁФ0 Г Ё0А╘╨┐БГ┐└ Ёp `аj Ё,$ё   0 Ё?Яиlibraryб 2ЁАB ЁХ0А c Ё$D┐└ ЁPPPp Ё,$ё   0ЁЖB ЁЦ0 s Ё*D┐└╤ ЁPP0PЁ,$ё   0ЁЪв ЁЧ0 Г Ё0АЁ╒┐БГ┐└ Ё`└ЁА Ё:Яб 2к Ё│в ЁШ0 Г Ё0Аа╪┐БГ┐└ ЁЁРЪ ЁSЯиOriginal diagram by C. Duncanб 2 ЁH Ё0 Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ??Ё`Ё%W0        Ё)[0        Ё4U0V0f0Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓ю="я А э!Ёх!рЁ66\Ё!Ё( Ё Ё\Ё~ Ё\ s Ё*А└▐┐ ИЁpАPЁ├   Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё\ C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё\ C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё\ Г Ё0А\р┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##Ё└Ё8 Ё`А0  Ё.\ЁА`0 ЁЎв Ё\ Г Ё0А╝ф┐БГ┐└ ЁpАЁzЁ,$ёD0 ЁZЯиadministrationб к  Ё№в Ё\ Г Ё0Ашш┐БГ┐└ Ё╨▄0ЦЁ,$ёD0 Ё`Яиlearning resourcesб к  ЁЇв Ё\ Г Ё0АШь┐БГ┐└ Ё░ Ак Ё,$ёD0 ЁXЯи competenciesб  к  Ё·в Ё \ Г Ё0А╚я┐БГ┐└ Ё`P ` Ё,$ёD0 Ё^Яиregistry/authorityб к  Ёюв Ё \ Г Ё0Аає┐БГ┐└ Ё ├ Р ╜Ё,$ёD 0 ЁRЯиcourseб к  Ё в Ё \ Г Ё0А№Ў┐БГ┐└ ЁАг P] Ё,$ёD0 ЁnЯиdelivery system б. к  Ёв Ё \ Г Ё0АЁ·┐БГ┐└ Ё@ж@аЁ,$ёD0 ЁfЯи studentб. к  ЁЁв Ё \ Г Ё0А┐БГ┐└ Ёа60 0Ё,$ёD 0 ЁTЯиpedagogyб  к  Ё№в Ё\ Г Ё0А┐БГ┐└ Ё` Г А= Ё,$ёD0 Ё`Яиtests & assessmentб к  ЁЄв Ё\ Г Ё0А╪┐БГ┐└ ЁPу P ▌ Ё,$ёD0 ЁVЯи activitiesб  к  Ёв Ё\ Г Ё0А─ ┐БГ┐└ Ё жЁаЁ,$ёD0 ЁiЯи dialogueб0   к  Ёёв Ё\ Г Ё0А▄┐БГ┐└ ЁXЬ@ ЦЁ,$ёD0 ЁUЯиteacherб к  Ём" Ё\ ├ ЁH┤ЕЗGАQH{I  Iа¤ ┐└╤ Ё0░`Ё,$ёD0Ём" Ё\ ├ ЁHЕЗGЇ,H@S  IЙ<  ┐└╤ Ё└Ц▄Ь Ё,$ёD0Ё▓ Ё\В ╙ ЁN┤ЕЗGА∙■ HФаIА∙■ ┐└╨╤ Ё╠ ¤pЬЁ,$ёD0Ёяв Ё\ Г Ё0Аа┐БГ┐└ Ё└у 0▌ Ё,$ёD0 ЁSЯиlibraryб к  Ё`B Ё\ Г Ё0D┐└╨╤ Ёр #Р #Ё`B Ё\ Г Ё0D┐└╨╤ Ё`#p#ЁZB Ё\ s Ё*D┐└╤ ЁГУЁZB Ё\ s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё0#p#ЁTB Ё\ c Ё$D┐└ ЁPCP#ЁZB Ё\ s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё` │` у ЁZB Ё\ s Ё*D┐└╤ Ёр г р є ЁTB Ё\ c Ё$D┐└ Ё@3 @c ЁZB Ё\В s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё@S @c ЁTB Ё\ c Ё$D┐└ Ё@c @c ЁTB Ё \ c Ё$D┐└ Ё` S╨SЁZB Ё!\В s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё╨S ╨SЁTB Ё"\ c Ё$D┐└ Ё` г @г ЁZB Ё#\ s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё@г @Г ЁZB Ё$\ s Ё*D┐└╨ ЁP│P│ ЁZB Ё%\ s Ё*D┐└╨ Ё└#@#ЁTB Ё&\ c Ё$D┐└ Ё@#@c ЁZB Ё'\B s Ё*D┐└╤ ЁЁc @c ЁTB Ё(\ c Ё$D┐└ Ё` └ ` @ЁZB Ё)\ s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё` @ @ЁZB Ё*\В s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё└а └P Ёзв Ё+\ Г Ё0А(┐БГ┐└ Ё`p аj  Ё?Яиlibraryб 2ЁTB Ё,\В c Ё$D┐└ ЁPPPp ЁZB Ё-\ s Ё*D┐└╤ ЁPP0PЁвв Ё/\ Г Ё0Аш┐БГ┐└ ЁP░· ЁBЯиMetadataб 2 ╠3■Ё╡в Ё0\ Г Ё0А╝#┐БГ┐└ Ё` ░┌ ЁUЯиIMS Competency Definitionб (2╠3■Ёгв Ё1\ Г Ё0Аш'┐БГ┐└ ЁP PР  ЁCЯиOUNLEMLб (2╠3■Ё▒в Ё2\ Г Ё0А▄*┐БГ┐└ ЁP Р ░  ЁQЯиIMS Content Packagingб (2╠3■Ёбв Ё3\ Г Ё0А/┐БГ┐└ ЁА `а:  ЁAЯиIMS QTIб 2╠3■Ёкв Ё4\ Г Ё0А№1┐БГ┐└ Ё╨└ К ЁJЯиIMS Enterpriseб (2╠3■Ёгв Ё5\ Г Ё0А(6┐БГ┐└ Ёа0Z ЁCЯиIMS LIPб (2╠3■Ё╞ Ё6\ │ ЁBА9ЕЗ┐БГ┐└ Ё0АБZ ЁTЯиOriginal diagram by C. Duncan б 2 ЁH Ё\ Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ??Ё`Ё\        Ё\        Ё\\\Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓ю&%я А ╓$Ё╬$ Ё::`Ё■#Ё( Ё Ё`Ё~ Ё` s Ё*АИ]╤┐ ИЁpАPЁ├  ╤ Ё ЮЁФ▓ Ё` C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ Ё` C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в Ё` Г Ё0А L╤┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##Ё╬ЁF Ё`А0  Ё` ЁИЁА`0 ЁЎв Ё` Г Ё0АX:╤┐БГ┐└ ЁpАЁzЁ,$ёD0 ЁZЯиadministrationб к  Ё№в Ё` Г Ё0АT╤┐БГ┐└ Ё╨▄0ЦЁ,$ёD0 Ё`Яиlearning resourcesб к  ЁЇв Ё ` Г Ё0АTH╕┐БГ┐└ Ё░ Ак Ё,$ёD0 ЁXЯи competenciesб  к  Ё·в Ё ` Г Ё0Аp╤┐БГ┐└ Ё`P ` Ё,$ёD0 Ё^Яиregistry/authorityб к  Ёюв Ё ` Г Ё0А0t╤┐БГ┐└ Ё ├ Р ╜Ё,$ёD 0 ЁRЯиcourseб к  Ё в Ё ` Г Ё0Ааw╤┐БГ┐└ ЁАг P] Ё,$ёD0 ЁnЯиdelivery system б. к  Ёв Ё ` Г Ё0Аь{╤┐БГ┐└ Ё@ж@аЁ,$ёD0 ЁfЯи studentб. к  ЁЁв Ё` Г Ё0А\А╤┐БГ┐└ Ёа60 0Ё,$ёD 0 ЁTЯиpedagogyб  к  Ё№в Ё` Г Ё0А╠Г╤┐БГ┐└ Ё` Г А= Ё,$ёD0 Ё`Яиtests & assessmentб к  ЁЄв Ё` Г Ё0А°З╤┐БГ┐└ ЁPу P ▌ Ё,$ёD0 ЁVЯи activitiesб  к  Ёв Ё` Г Ё0А╨Л╤┐БГ┐└ Ё жЁаЁ,$ёD0 ЁiЯи dialogueб0   к  Ёёв Ё` Г Ё0А╘П╤┐БГ┐└ ЁXЬ@ ЦЁ,$ёD0 ЁUЯиteacherб к  Ём" Ё` ├ ЁH┤ЕЗGАQH{I  Iа¤ ┐└╤ Ё0░`Ё,$ёD0Ём" Ё` ├ ЁHЕЗGЇ,H@S  IЙ<  ┐└╤ Ё└Ц▄Ь Ё,$ёD0Ё▓ Ё`В ╙ ЁN┤ЕЗGА∙■ HФаIА∙■ ┐└╨╤ Ё╠ ¤pЬЁ,$ёD0Ёяв Ё` Г Ё0А`У╤┐БГ┐└ Ё└у 0▌ Ё,$ёD0 ЁSЯиlibraryб к  Ё`B Ё` Г Ё0D┐└╨╤ Ёр #Р #Ё`B Ё` Г Ё0D┐└╨╤ Ё`#p#ЁZB Ё` s Ё*D┐└╤ ЁГУЁZB Ё` s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё0#p#ЁTB Ё` c Ё$D┐└ ЁPCP#ЁZB Ё` s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё` │` у ЁZB Ё` s Ё*D┐└╤ Ёр г р є ЁTB Ё` c Ё$D┐└ Ё@3 @c ЁZB Ё`В s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё@S @c ЁTB Ё ` c Ё$D┐└ Ё@c @c ЁTB Ё!` c Ё$D┐└ Ё` S╨SЁZB Ё"`В s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё╨S ╨SЁTB Ё#` c Ё$D┐└ Ё` г @г ЁZB Ё$` s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё@г @Г ЁZB Ё%` s Ё*D┐└╨ ЁP│P│ ЁZB Ё&` s Ё*D┐└╨ Ё└#@#ЁTB Ё'` c Ё$D┐└ Ё@#@c ЁZB Ё(`B s Ё*D┐└╤ ЁЁc @c ЁTB Ё)` c Ё$D┐└ Ё` └ ` @ЁZB Ё*` s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё` @ @ЁZB Ё+`В s Ё*D┐└╤ Ё└а └P Ёзв Ё,` Г Ё0АшЫ╤┐БГ┐└ Ё`p аj  Ё?Яиlibraryб 2ЁTB Ё-`В c Ё$D┐└ ЁPPPp ЁZB Ё.` s Ё*D┐└╤ ЁPP0PЁвв Ё/` Г Ё0АиЯ╤┐БГ┐└ ЁP░· ЁBЯиMetadataб 2 ╠3■Ё╡в Ё0` Г Ё0А|г╤┐БГ┐└ Ё` ░┌ ЁUЯиIMS Competency Definitionб (2╠3■Ёгв Ё1` Г Ё0Аиз╤┐БГ┐└ ЁP PР  ЁCЯиOUNLEMLб (2╠3■Ё▒в Ё2` Г Ё0АЬк╤┐БГ┐└ ЁP 0 P  ЁQЯиIMS Content Packagingб (2╠3■Ёбв Ё3` Г Ё0А╚о╤┐БГ┐└ ЁА `а:  ЁAЯиIMS QTIб 2╠3■Ёкв Ё4` Г Ё0А$▓╤┐БГ┐└ Ё╨└ К ЁJЯиIMS Enterpriseб (2╠3■Ёгв Ё5` Г Ё0Ам╡╤┐БГ┐└ Ёа0Z ЁCЯиIMS LIPб (2╠3■Ёнв Ё6` Г Ё0А°╕╤┐БГ┐└ Ё└ Ё :  ЁMЯиIMS Learning Designб(2╠3■Ёпв Ё7` Г Ё0АЬ╗╤┐БГ┐└ ЁР РpJ ЁOЯиIMS Simple Sequencingб(2╠3■Ё░в Ё8` Г Ё0А`┐╤┐БГ┐└ ЁА `А:  ЁPЯиIMS Digital Repositoriesб 2╠3■Ё░в Ё9` Г Ё0А$├╤┐БГ┐└ Ёp *  ЁPЯиIMS Digital Repositoriesб 2╠3■Ё┼ Ё:` │ ЁBАш╞╤ЕЗ┐БГ┐└ Ё`рс· ЁSЯиOriginal diagram by C. Duncanб 2 ЁH Ё` Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ??Ё`Ё`        Ё`        Ё```Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝ЁЁDЁTЁ( Ё ЁDЁx ЁD c Ё$АA┐ ИЁpАрЁ├   Ё ЮЁд ЁD c Ё$АМA┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ ЁD C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ ЁD C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в ЁD Г Ё0АhC┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH ЁD Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝ЁHЁTЁ( Ё ЁHЁx ЁH c Ё$АДJ┐ ИЁpАрЁ├   Ё ЮЁд ЁH c Ё$АdK┐ ИЁ@░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ ЁH C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ ЁH C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в ЁH Г Ё0А╕R┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH ЁH Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝ЁLЁTЁ( Ё ЁLЁx ЁL c Ё$А№W┐ ИЁpАPЁ├   Ё ЮЁд ЁL c Ё$АШb┐ ИЁА░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ ЁL C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ ЁL C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в ЁL Г Ё0А`l┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH ЁL Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝ ЁPЁTЁ( Ё ЁPЁx ЁP c Ё$Аpx┐ ИЁpАPЁ├   Ё ЮЁд ЁP c Ё$АPy┐ ИЁА░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ ЁP C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ ЁP C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в ЁP Г Ё0А4Е┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH ЁP Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓юя А ─Ё╝0ЁTЁTЁ( Ё ЁTЁx ЁT c Ё$АМ┐ ИЁpАPЁ├   Ё ЮЁд ЁT c Ё$АЁМ┐ ИЁА░╨Ё<$ё0├  Ё ЮЁФ▓ ЁT C ЁlААA┴TC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_bg.jpgЁ└АЁШ▓ ЁT C ЁpААA┴XC:\Interoperability\CETIS\masthead_logo.gifЁЩЁ┤в ЁT Г Ё0АЇО┐БГ┐└ Ё &P С ЁTЯи"LMC, SURF Presentation, April 2002б##ЁH ЁT Г Ё0БГУОЯЛФ▐╜h┐  ?Ё    ААА╠Щ33╠╠╠ ▓▓▓r`0h7l@pH:LVPrTОXк\■hPЮ╥║╓╓┌Є▐уP+Лpн╞`тdDїЬ *чў┐ш`7щ(АррА  Ё ■  рЕЯЄ∙OhлС+'│┘0HR hp╝╪ 8D d p |ИРфAWhy do we need learning technology standards and specifications?eLorna M. Campbellrn:C:\Interoperability\CETIS\Why do we need LT standards.pottiLorna M. 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Entry        НБdЫO╧Жък╣)шАs-K│ъ┴╫ Pictures        Current User            "SSummaryInformation(    |xRPowerPoint Document(            RDocumentSummaryInformation8        h                        ╫<╙║(http://www.dlib.org/╫@╙║,http://dublincore.org/╫v╙║bhttp://www.cenorm.be/isss/Workshop/LT/Default.htm╫8╙║$http://adlnet.org/╫H╙║4http://www.imsproject.org/╫B╙║.http://www.cetis.ac.uk/Єо/╚ 0╥╒ф╖DTimes New Romanф1╕Ї╪b▄╪bv╟ 0Ї╪b(▌ 0я╖DArialNew Romanф1╕Ї╪b▄╪bv╟ 0Ї╪b(▌ 0я" ╖DWingdingsRomanф1╕Ї╪b▄╪bv╟ 0Ї╪b(▌ 0яд А`    е .й  @гn ¤?" dd@  я        @@``АА ░ЁиЁшp■   Щ'(7;  /ЁXbЁ$МТ+)0rы'2B ╦ ╗c Ё$БГ┐└ 0ё Щ╠3 ▒Щ@ёўЁєА╨Е┐Т╩Ъ;2N═╔╩Ъ;  ·g■¤4ddddv╟ 0ш╪bt■  p√pp√@ <¤4!d!d`є 0д▄b╨2╕b<¤4dddd`є 0д▄b╨2╕bИFК>║___PPT9Л опмА  пмА  пм А  А  пм А  А  пм@А  А  А  А  пм А  А  пм0А  А  А  пм А  А  пмА  пмА  п мА  п мА  пм@А  А  А  А  пмА  пмА  ?┘ ┌%Ёї,єЯк ЯиxLearning Technology Interoperability Standards Lorna M. Campbell and Boon Low CETIS and the University of StrathclydeбHy│зЩ■/,Щ■"Щ■(Щ■єЯи@Why do we need learning technology standards and specifications?бAA Щ■ЯааTo prevent content becoming  locked in to proprietary systems. To ensure educational content can be reused. To enable educational content & learner information to be shared. To facilitate interoperability. б"╤▓зЩ■╤Щ■єЯи5Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?б66 Щ■ЯиўIMS Global Learning http://www.imsproject.org/ Learning Resource Meta-data Question and Test Interoperability Learner Information Packages Competencies Simple Sequencing Content Packaging Learning Design Accessibility Digital Repositories.бb│зЩ■Zф▓зЩ■ZЩ■Щ■уЩ■Єє!0▀/єЯи5Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?б66 Щ■ЯиAdvanced Distributed Learning (ADL). http://adlnet.org/ US Department of Defence Initiative. Working with IMS. Primarily focused on the delivery of web based content. Shared Content Object Reference Model (SCORM). SCORM incorporates IMS Meta-data and elements of Content packaging.б`%│зЩ■Zї▓зЩ■ZЩ■Щ■їЩ■Єє!0▀%7єЯи5Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?б66 Щ■ЯиТEuropean Centre for Standards/Information Society Standardisation System Learning Technologies Workshop (CEN/ISSS WSLT). http://www.cenorm.be/isss/Workshop/LT/Default.htm Project teams active in a variety of areas: Localisation and internationalisation of Learning Object Metadata. Description of language capabilities. Quality assurance. Taxonomies and vocabularies. Educational Modelling Languages. б░y│зЩ■Z^▓зЩ■Z╗▓зЩ■Z│зЩ■ZwЩ■Щ■^Щ■╗Щ■  Щ■к"y.щЄє!0▀yкє Яи5Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?б66 Щ■ЯаDublin Core Metadata Initiative. http://dublincore.org/ Focused on developing interoperable online metadata standards. Collaborating with IMS and IEEE LOM WG.  Ottawa Group .  Metadata Principles and Practicalities published in DLib magazine. http://www.dlib.org/ бL!│зЩ■щ▓зЩ■!Щ■щЩ■к:!н Єє!0▀!7Єє!0▀Їє Яи7Who is developing formal LT interoperability standards?б88 Щ■Яи'Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Learning Technology Standards Committee (LTSC) http://ltsc.ieee.org/index.html Wide variety of working groups: Learner related Content related Data and metadata, including Learning Object Metadata (LOM) Management systems and applications бЦg│зЩ■Z@▓зЩ■ZА▓зЩ■Z│зЩ■ZgЩ■@Щ■БЩ■к>nпє Яи7Who is developing formal LT interoperability standards?б88 Щ■Яи=International Standards Organisation (ISO) Sub Committee 36 (SC 36) Learning Technology. Standardization in the area of information technologies that support automation for learners, learning institutions, and learning resources. IEEE LTSC has a "formal" relationship with SC 36. Produce formal certified standards. бfD│зЩ■∙▓зЩ■│зЩ■DЩ■·Щ■к0Y└#єЯи)What do LT interoperability standards do?б** Щ■ЯаZEnable users to search for, locate and retrieve appropriate content  Metadata, Digital Repositories. Plan educational scenarios and formulate instructional design  EML & Learning Design. Deliver educational content tailored to learners requirements  Learning Design, EML, Simple Sequencing, SCORM. б<-▓зЩ■Z│зЩ■Z.Щ■єЯи)What do LT interoperability standards do?б** Щ■ЯаrShare content between systems  Content Packaging, SCORM. Create and deliver computer aided assessments  Question and Test Interoperability. Record and share learner information  Learner Information Packages (LIP), Competencies, Enterprise. Ensure educational content is accessible to all users  Accessibility.б&:▓зЩ■Z:Щ■є  Яи3How do LT standards relate to educational practice?б44 Щ■єЯиLHow do LT standards relate to educational practice? Existing specifications.б0M4 Щ■ Щ■єЯиOHow do LT standards relate to educational practice? Forthcoming specifications.б0P4 Щ■ Щ■є Яи(CETIS: Supporting the UK FE/HE communityб)) Щ■ЯийCentre for Educational Technology Interoperability Standards. Funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). Support UK Higher and Further Education. Represents UK FE/HE on international educational standards initiatives, e.g. IMS, CEN/ISSS. Advises Universities and Colleges on the strategic, technical and pedagogic implications of educational technology standards. Manages the Special Interest Groups (SIGs). бRи▓зЩ■Z│зЩ■Z▓зЩ■ZкЩ■є ЯиThe CETIS SIGsб Щ■Яа╨Established to support the UK FE/HE sector s uptake and implementation of interoperability specifications. Track the development of standards and specifications. Advise the sector on the relevance of different standards and specifications. Channel sector s requirements back to CETIS and international standards initiatives. Support communities of practice. б8h▓зЩ■│зЩ■iЩ■кfєЯиThe CETIS SIGsб Щ■ЯиyAccessibility SIG Assessment SIG Computer aided assessment and Question and Test Interoperability. Educational Content SIG Content Packaging, Learning Design, Simple Sequencing, SCORM, EML, etc. FE Focus Group Supports the interests of FE colleges in the SIGs and other organisations. Learner Information and Enterprise SIG Metadata SIG Focused on learning resource metadata. бd!▓зЩ■ZB▓зЩ■Z▓зЩ■ZH▓зЩ■Z▓зЩ■ZK▓зЩ■Z4▓зЩ■Z'▓зЩ■Z▓зЩ■Z!Щ■BЩ■Щ■HЩ■Щ■KЩ■4  Щ■'  Щ■  Щ■єЯиSIG Activitiesб Щ■ЯиnHold regular working meetings throughout UK. Host dissemination events, road shows and plugfests. Maintain website and manage mailing lists. Produce user guides, beginners guides, etc. Conduct community practice surveys. Support colleagues developing tools and implementing specifications. Participate in standards bodies working group meetings. Commission tasks. б&o▓зЩ■ZoЩ■кW єЯиFurther informationб Щ■ЯаfThe CETIS website: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/ Hosts websites for all the SIGs. Regular updates of latest developments in the field of LT standards. Described by The Technology Source as:  Probably the most comprehensive and current site devoted to educational technology interoperability standards, the CETIS Web site is an essential resource for anyone working in the fields of learning objects or learning content management systems. бМ│зЩ■Zе▓зЩ■Z√│зЩ■Z▓зЩ■Z╣Щ■·Щ■Щ■Єє!0▀*ъr╢чїЬ Тчў┐  !■   #■                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ■  ╒═╒Ь.УЧ+,∙оD╒═╒Ь.УЧ+,∙оФPИРи╠╘▄ф ь Ї№   $ ЁфOn-screen ShowUniversity of StrathclydeaR├а Times New RomanArial WingdingsWhy do we need LT standardsPowerPoint PresentationAWhy do we need learning technology standards and specifications?6Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?6Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?6Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?6Who is developing LT interoperability specifications?8Who is developing formal LT interoperability standards?8Who is developing formal LT interoperability standards?*What do LT interoperability standards do?*What do LT interoperability standards do?4How do LT standards relate to educational practice?MHow do LT standards relate to educational practice? Existing specifications.PHow do LT standards relate to educational practice? Forthcoming specifications.)CETIS: Supporting the UK FE/HE communityThe CETIS SIGsThe CETIS SIGsSIG ActivitiesFurther information  Fonts UsedDesign Template Slide Titles╘ 8@ _PID_HLINKSфAМ$http://www.dlib.org/http://dublincore.org/2http://www.cenorm.be/isss/Workshop/LT/Default.htmhttp://adlnet.org/http://www.imsproject.org/http://www.cetis.ac.uk/Ў)_└Су.Ї╕Lorna M. CampbellLorna M. Campbell