What does CETIS stand for?
The Centre for Educational Interoperability Standards.
Are Links to Word Files from Web Pages Accessible?
Yes and no. A good discussion
about linking to Microsoft Word files is available from the WebAim
How Accessible are PDF Files?
A good discussion
about Adobe PDF files is available from the WebAim
What does CETIS do?
CETIS represents UK Higher Education and Further Education Institutions on international learning
technology standards intiatives.
What is learning technology?
Learning technology is the use of technology such as computers, networks and communication
technologies to deliver education. Learning technology includes online learning over the Internet,
Virtual Learning Environments, instructional CD roms, multimedia presentations (such as PowerPoint),
e-mailing and videoconferencing.
What are learning technology standards?
Organizations such as IMS are developing standards so that technological educational environments
will be able to communicate and share information and content.
What is IMS?
The IMS Global Learning Consortium is a consortium of organizations from around the world working
together to develop learning technology standards. CETIS is the UK branch of IMS.
What is interoperability?
Interoperability means enabling different applications to work together and share content.
Interoperability is achieved by designing technologies using agreed specifications and standards,
so that they are mutually compatible.
Example 1. Musicians who plug keyboards and guitars into computers to compose music are only
able to do this because all the separate pieces have been designed to be interoperable. MIDI, the
musical instrument digital interface, is an interoperability standard developed to enable
electronic music equipment to work together.
Example 2. If all the systems in a college are interoperable, a student's details can be
entered into a central administrative system, and relevant information can be shared with library
administrative systems, Virtual Learning Environments and student records. If the student later
begins a degree at a different institution, where the system is interoperable with the original
college, any relevant information can be simply and swiftly exchanged.
What is accessibility?
Accessibility is designing websites and learning technology to be usable by people with
disabilities. Various features can be added or removed to make it easier for people with visual
impairments, hearing impairments, physical disabilties and cognitive disabilties to access
What is a SIG?
A SIG is a Special Interest Group. CETIS has six Special Interest Groups, including Accessibilty,
Assessment, Educational Content, Metadata, Learner Information and Enterprise, and the Further
Education Focus Group.
Do screen readers interpret text?
Screen readers such as JAWS, for example, do not interpret the text but rely on punctuation for
inflection, such as the full stop, question mark, comma, exclamation mark and other pause charactrs.
The punctuation is processed internally in order to give an approximation of inflection.